球探网官方app

Set Home Favorites
Your location : Home > Information > Industry >

Mechanization is a future trend

来源: 北京青年报 2019-12-26 15: 40: 07Source: Beijing Youth Daily

Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs announced that the comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvesting across the country has exceeded 70%, and the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" has been achieved one year in advance. The production of three major food crops, wheat, rice and corn, has basically been mechanized. At the same time, a recent survey by Wuhan University ’s Institute for Quality Development Strategy shows that machinery and robots will replace nearly 5% of China ’s workers in the next five years. The survey found that the proportion of companies using robots increased from about 12% in 2008 to 37% in 2017. From 2015 to 2017 alone, the proportion of companies using robots rose from 8.1% to 13.4%.

The replacement of robots or mechanization by robots is a future trend and an inevitable development of society and human civilization. Its core is to allow machines to serve human beings, to liberate humans from heavy and hard labor, and to allow people to enjoy technology to the maximum Bring dividends and happy lives.

Robots replace people, especially after the rural areas are gradually mechanized, the process of urbanization will further accelerate. The comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvest across the country exceeds 70%, and the process of urbanization in China is almost synchronous. On December 23, the "Social Blue Book 2020" released by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing stated that in 2019, the urbanization rate of China's population will exceed 60%. According to international standards, the urbanization rate of a country's population reaches 60%, which means that urbanization has basically been achieved, the transition from rural society to urban society has been initially completed, and the era of urban society has entered.

Under such circumstances, Chinese society will face urban construction and expansion in the future, and building a smart city is a major task. The concept of a smart city was proposed by the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) in the United States in 2010. It believes that modern cities are composed of six core systems of different types of networks, infrastructure and environment that are related to the main functions of the city: organization (people) , Business / government, transportation, communications, water and energy. To build a smart city is to make full use of information and communication technology to sense, analyze, and integrate key information of the core system of urban operation, and make a variety of needs including people's livelihood, environmental protection, public safety, urban services, and industrial and commercial activities. Intelligent response creates better city life for human beings.

Whether smart cities can cope with the large numbers of rural people entering the city in the future is both a challenge and remains to be seen. In fact, smart cities are just to make cities more livable, so building livable cities is the ultimate goal. In this respect, there is a long way to go, especially in big cities, where food safety, transportation, communications, water and energy will face huge challenges.

Another big change in the gradual replacement of robots by robots is that society will not be in trouble because of the decline in birth rate, but can be replaced by robots or mechanization. With the development of science and technology today, modern people are more and more unwilling to have children. Whether in developed or developing countries, the birth rate is declining. Of course, it is not excluded that the birth rate of a few countries and regions has been rising.

Japanese data show that Japan's population has grown negatively for 13 consecutive years, and the number of births in 2019 fell below 900,000 for the first time. Obviously, many countries are worried about the decline in birth rates. To solve the decline in the birth rate of the population, of course, various policies must be introduced to encourage people to have children. As long as the total population fertility rate is greater than 2.1, a normal society can be maintained.

However, whether the total fertility rate is lower than 2.1 or maintained at this level, with the help of robots, human beings can basically survive without worry. Because a lot of things and work can be done by robots, and robots still have many advantages. For example, in the aspect of elderly care, the use of robots can avoid people's negative emotions. For example, artificial caregivers may become impatient when they are speechless and slow to act, and abuse of the elderly may occur frequently.

When robots become a trend to replace humans, the ethical dilemma and possible harm to humans caused by the use of robots must also be avoided. This not only needs to learn from Asimov's four laws of robots, but also discusses a series of problems that may arise when robots replace humans, for example, how to deal with robots if they hurt people, so as to prepare early and gain early experience, To usher in the robot age. (Zhang Tiankan)

Copyright @ 2008-2019 anhuibld.com All Rights Reserved Western Enterprise News Network Copyright Contact Us: 829 87 59@qq.com