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State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission: Intensity of investment in research and development is included in the assessment of central enterprises next year

来源: 证券日报 2019-12-27 10: 02: 46Source: Securities Daily

Compared with previous years, this year's meeting of the leaders of central enterprises has been held earlier. In terms of content, there have been many new changes.

The meeting made it clear that the three-year action plan for state-owned enterprise reform will be introduced and implemented early next year. Hao Peng, the party committee secretary and director of the SASAC, said that it is necessary to take the opportunity to implement the plan to promote the reform of state-owned enterprises to achieve new breakthroughs.

The conference proposed that the reorganization and integration in areas with repeated investment and homogeneous competition issues are expected to accelerate. Specialized integration of equipment manufacturing, chemical industry, offshore equipment, overseas oil and gas assets, and regional integration of coal power resources will become the focus of work.

The SASAC's assessment of the operating performance of central enterprises starting from 2020 will add new indicators such as net profit margin, total profit, and asset-liability ratio, as well as additional revenue and profit margins and R & D funding input strength, that is, " The "two benefits and three rates" indicator system is designed to promote the reasonable growth of central enterprises and the steady improvement of their quality.

Liu Xingguo, a researcher of the Research Department of the China Enterprise Confederation, told the Securities Daily reporter that the adjustment of the assessment indicators highlights that the SASAC aims to use the assessment to guide and force central enterprises to continuously improve the quality of development and achieve quality growth. That is, to build growth on the basis of technological innovation, to improve the value-added rate of products with technological advantages, and to enhance profitability.

When specifically analyzing the implications of these two new indicators, Hu Chi, a researcher at the Research Center of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, stated in an interview with the reporter of the Securities Daily that the indicator of newly-increased revenue and profit margin of the performance evaluation of state-owned enterprises highlights It reflects that while the SASAC requires central SOEs to increase their income, they also pay more attention to the simultaneous improvement of efficiency levels in order to get rid of the previous extensive growth model that only focused on scale expansion and not on efficiency growth; and from the intensity of R & D funding Looking at one indicator, it shows that the SASAC has emphasized the improvement of innovation driven by central SOEs, which is also of great significance to the transformation of the development model of central SOEs.

As one of the important contents of this round of state-owned enterprise reform, this meeting made clear that the next step is to promote the "hybrid reform" in layers and classifications. At the same time, more attention will be paid to the rational design and adjustment of the equity structure, and efforts will be made to introduce strategic investors with high matching, high recognition, and high synergy, and explore the establishment of a scientific and efficient differential management model.

In Hu Chi's view, the introduction of strategic investors will promote the development of the main business and industrial upgrading of mixed-reform enterprises, and will have a more impetus than ordinary investors. In terms of time, it can better accompany the company's growth without emphasizing short-term investment returns.

Liu Xingguo believes that from the presentation of this year's conference, the focus of mixed reform next year may focus on two aspects: First, adjust the direction of mixed reform to avoid mixed reform for mixed reform. It is expected that the mixed reform next year will strengthen the control of the introduction of strategic investors, and ensure that the mixed reform can introduce strategic investors who care about the development of the enterprise and can actually make a positive contribution to the high-quality development of the enterprise; the second is to better promote the mixed reform and improve The attractiveness of mixed reforms to non-public capital, it is expected that the SASAC will accelerate the establishment of a differentiated regulatory model to enhance the flexibility of the system and mechanism of mixed reform enterprises, enrich incentive methods and improve the effectiveness of incentives, so that mixed reform enterprises can better adapt and participate. market competition.

As the reform moves further into a critical period, in order to further promote the optimization and adjustment of the layout of state-owned capital, the SASAC made it clear that next year the central enterprises will be responsible for the main business. The central enterprises must strictly control the proportion and direction of non-main business investment and accelerate Advantage business divestiture.

Zhou Lisha, a researcher at the Research Center of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, believes that in the face of today's fierce market economy competition, under the trend of more and more subdivided industries and industries, it is necessary to gather core resources for industrial layout. The result of the diversified layout weakened the core industry of the enterprise. It should gather energy and resources for the development of the main industry, and lead the industrial upgrading through technological innovation.

Liu Xingguo added that at the current time point, the SASAC further emphasized the need to strictly control non-main business investment of central enterprises. On the one hand, it is hoped that by focusing on the development of the main industry, the central enterprise's ability to make breakthroughs in the main industry's technological breakthroughs will be enhanced as soon as possible To change the current disadvantaged situation of core and key technologies in many fields; on the other hand, it is also to avoid the repeated investment of central enterprises and waste of resources.

"It is expected that the subsequent divestment of non-main business of central SOEs may be carried out through cross-enterprise specialization integration and market-based transfer supplementation," said Liu Xingguo. (Reporter Du Yumeng)

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