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Easing the financing difficulties of private enterprises

来源: 证券日报 2019-12-27 10: 14: 29Source: Securities Daily

On December 26, a reporter from the Securities Daily found out that the financial support for private enterprises has continued to increase.

"The focus of next year's policy is mainly on how to solve the problem of difficult financing for small and medium-sized enterprises and private enterprises, how to smooth the indirect financing channels and guide the reduction of financing costs, while also improving the direct financing channels and increasing the proportion of direct financing." China International Liu Xiangdong, a researcher in the Economic Research Department of the Economic Exchange Center, said in an interview with the Securities Daily reporter.

Increase Banking Services to Private Enterprises

Recently, the policy level has repeatedly focused on the issue of further support of the private sector by the banking industry. On December 22, the full text of the "Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Creating a Better Development Environment to Support the Reform and Development of Private Enterprises" (hereinafter referred to as "Opinions"). The "Opinions" stated that the banking financial institutions should serve the private enterprise system. Further improve the matching between the financial structure and the economic structure, and support the development of small and medium-sized financial institutions with small, medium and micro private enterprises as their main service targets.

From December 10th to 12th, the Central Economic Work Conference was held in Beijing. The meeting stated that it is necessary to deepen the financial supply-side structural reforms, unblock the monetary policy transmission mechanism, increase manufacturing medium-to-long-term financing, and better alleviate the difficulty of financing for private and small and medium-sized enterprises.

On December 13, Guo Shuqing, Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of the China Banking Regulatory Commission, presided over an enlarged meeting of the Party Committee, conveyed and learned the spirit of the Central Economic Work Conference, and studied and deployed measures for implementation. The meeting called for improving and improving the services of small, micro, and private enterprises, unblocking the monetary and credit transmission mechanism, and promoting the reduction of comprehensive financing costs for enterprises.

From the data point of view, since this year, credit support for private enterprises has been increasing. "Securities Daily" reporter learned from the CBRC that in the first three quarters, RMB loans for the real economy increased by 13.9 trillion yuan, an increase of 1.1 trillion yuan year-on-year, focusing on infrastructure, manufacturing and other key areas and private small and micro enterprises In other weak links, loans to infrastructure industries and loans to manufacturing industries increased by 2.2 trillion yuan and 770.5 billion yuan respectively. The balance of loans for inclusive small and micro enterprises reached 10.94 trillion yuan, and the decline in comprehensive financing costs exceeded 1 percentage point.

"The" Opinions "caught the pain points of current financing difficulties and proposed to improve the banking financial institutions to serve the private enterprise system." Liu Zhe, deputy dean of the Weber New Economic Research Institute, believes that improving the banking financial institution system does not simply mean that there are big banks , Medium and small banks, but rather to establish distinctive banks that serve different types of enterprises. By differentiating the positioning of small and medium-sized financial institutions, improving credit facilities, and strengthening assessment and incentives, the bank's financial service capabilities are in line with the characteristics of private enterprises. Match, guide the flow of funds in the direction of market allocation.

Capital market continues to develop

From September 9th to 10th this year, the CSRC held a symposium on comprehensively deepening capital market reforms in Beijing. "Complementing the shortcomings of the multi-level capital market system" was listed as one of the "12 deep reforms." The meeting stated that the GEM reform was promoted, the new third board reform was accelerated, and a number of regional equity markets were selected to conduct institutional and business innovation pilots.

"Since this year, the policy direction for supporting private enterprises is very clear." He Nanye, a special researcher at Suning Financial Research Institute, told the Securities Daily reporter that since the beginning of this year, with the introduction of the science and technology innovation board, the new third board has further deepened reforms, and the capital market has increased. Channels support direct financing of private enterprises.

He Nanye believes that as an important part of the multi-level capital market, the reform of the New Third Board has continued to advance, so that private enterprises that do not meet the listing requirements for the time being can be listed on the New Third Board to achieve the company's standardized governance and initial preliminary financing. Bigger and stronger main business lays a better foundation.

According to the data released by the National Equity Transfer Company, as of the end of November, there were 9,107 companies listed on the New Third Board, most of which were small and medium-sized enterprises in the early stage of growth, of which high-tech enterprises accounted for 65%, and modern service industry and advanced manufacturing industry combined Accounting for 72%. (Apprentice Reporter Di)

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