After the Shanghai Free Trade Pilot Zone was listed in 2013, in April 2015, April 2017 and October 2018, the State Council set up 11 batches of free trade zones, including Guangdong, in three batches.
In August this year, the fifth batch of 6 provinces including Shandong, Jiangsu, Guangxi, Hebei, Yunnan, and Heilongjiang were shortlisted. After five expansions, a new pattern of "1 + 3 + 7 + 1 + 6" has formed in China's free trade pilot zone. From "1" to "18", the construction of the free trade zone as a whole has been accelerating.
Free Trade Zone Construction Runs Out of "Acceleration"
"In the four months since the establishment of six new free trade zones, positive progress has been made in deepening economic and trade cooperation with neighboring countries and regions and better integration into major national strategies. The respective trade zones are positioned around their own functions and give play to their geographical advantages. To enhance the level of overseas investment cooperation. "Pan Helin, Executive Dean of the Digital Economics Research Institute of Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, said in an interview with the Securities Daily reporter recently.
"Securities Daily" reporter combed according to public information and found that the development and construction of various free trade zones this year ran out of "acceleration."
Taking Tianjin and other "old-brand" free trade zones as examples, in October, the Tianjin Municipal People's Government issued "Measures on Supporting the Innovation and Development of China (Tianjin) Pilot Free Trade Zone" and "China (Tianjin) Pilot Free Trade Pilot Zone Innovation and Development Action Plan" We will significantly relax restrictions on foreign investment access and business scope in the financial industry. Explore in the fields of telecommunications, education, medical care, finance, law and other areas, gradually eliminate or relax cross-border delivery, overseas consumption and other modes of service trade restrictions at different levels.
On November 1, the "China (Chongqing) Pilot Free Trade Zone Regulations" came into effect, planning the construction of the Chongqing Free Trade Zone in terms of trade facilitation, financial innovation, and optimizing the business environment. The construction of the company provides legal protection, and also clarifies the responsibility for innovation.
Let's look at the Shanghai Free Trade Zone. On the day of the official opening of the Lingang New Area, the first 13 companies were granted business licenses on the spot.
Subsequently, “Administrative Measures for the Lingang New Area of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone”, “Several Opinions on Promoting the High-quality Development of the Lingu New Area of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone and Implementing Special Support Policies”, “On Supporting China (Shanghai) Free Trade Pilot Zone Lingang New Area is more convenient and open to introduce foreign talents "," China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone Lingang New Area to Support Financial Industry Innovation and Development "and other supporting measures have been introduced .
At the same time, the construction of six new free trade zones has continued to advance. For example, in October this year, the "China (Shandong) Pilot Free Trade Zone Jinan Area Financial Reform Pilot Implementation Plan" was announced. The plan revolved around "attracting foreign financial institutions to agglomerate, promoting cross-border investment and financing to open two-way, enhancing financial service functions, and establishing and improving "Financial risk prevention and control system" launched 20 measures in four aspects.
Taking the Jiangsu Free Trade Zone as an example, after the opening of the Jiangsu Free Trade Zone, the Shanghai Development and Reform Commission, the Department of Commerce of Jiangsu Province, and the Department of Commerce of Zhejiang Province signed the "Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang Pilot Free Trade Zone Joint Development Strategic Cooperation Framework Agreement".
Pan Helin believes that their respective trade areas are closely centered on major national strategies and coordinated reforms in various aspects such as higher-level industrial upgrading, higher-level open innovation, and higher standards to optimize the business environment.
More and more achievements in institutional innovation
Behind the explosive and leapfrog development of the Pilot Free Trade Zone is the support of institutional innovation. In total, 202 institutional innovation achievements formed in the Pilot Free Trade Zone have been replicated and promoted.
According to Yuan Yuan, deputy director of the Foreign Investment Department of the Ministry of Commerce, over the past six years, there have been five batches of pilot reforms in the free trade pilot zone that were replicated and promoted by the State Council. The conference office (located in the Ministry of Commerce) summarized and issued a total of three "best practice cases" for reference in various places, with a total of 43; each department copied and promoted 53 reform pilot experiments on its own. Judging from the fields, types and effects of pilot experience, investment facilitation involved 81 items, trade facilitation 64 items, financial openness and innovation 23 items, and ex post facto supervision 34 items. Judging from the path and method of copy promotion, there are both centralized copy promotion and departmental copy promotion.
Taking Hainan Free Trade Zone as an example, in February, April, May, July, and October of this year, Hainan officially released 56 institutional innovation cases in five batches. On December 22, at the press conference of China (Hainan) Pilot Free Trade Zone Institutional Innovation Cases (sixth batch), 11 institutional innovation cases were released to optimize the business environment, and 4 cases in the field of social governance will be written in the near future. release.
Negative list of foreign investment access reduced to 37
On June 30, 2019, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce issued the "Special Management Measures for Foreign Investment Access in Free Trade Pilot Areas (Negative List) (2019 Edition)", which was officially implemented on July 30. This version further reduced the length of the negative list, introduced a new batch of liberalization measures, and reduced the number of negative list entries in the free trade pilot zone from 45 in 2018 to 37.
Pan Helin said that at present, each free trade zone is still in the stage of actively expanding investment promotion, and the successful experience that can be replicated and promoted throughout the country is still in the pipeline. Combined with the 2018 negative list, the shareholding limit for foreign-invested international shipping agency business was lifted. The first wholly foreign-owned international shipping agency company, Wei Pente (Shanghai) International Shipping Agency Co., Ltd., settled in Shanghai FTZ in June this year. After the annual negative list is updated, it will take some time to study and implement. With the favorable policies such as the implementation of the "Foreign Investment Law" next year, it is expected that each free trade zone will gradually convey successful experiences.
Adhere to the Differentiated Development Path
From "1" to "18", while China's free trade zone continues to expand in capacity, location selection and positioning also tend to develop and improve. The six new free trade zones this year have achieved full coverage of China's coastal free trade zones, and it is also the first time that China has set up free trade zones in border areas.
The 12 free trade zones that have been established before each have their own emphasis on development strategies. The six new members expanded this year are no exception. For example, the Shandong Free Trade Zone is strategically positioned to develop the marine economy and build a maritime power; the Hebei Free Trade Zone is strategically positioned to actively undertake the non-capital functions of Beijing and the transformation of Beijing-Tianjin scientific and technological achievements, and build Xiong'an New District with high standards and high quality; Jiangsu Free Trade Zone The district proposed an active service national strategy to promote the integrated development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt and the Yangtze River Delta; the strategic positioning of the Heilongjiang Free Trade Zone is to promote the overall revitalization of the Northeast.
Xiao Benhua, deputy dean of the Free Trade Zone Research Institute of Shanghai Lixin Institute of Accounting and Finance, told a reporter from Securities Daily that the 18 free trade zones in the future should continue to pursue differentiated exploration. For example, the Suzhou area of the Jiangsu Free Trade Zone should make full use of Sino-Singapore cooperation in the Suzhou Park. Platform to further deepen Sino-Singapore cooperation and learn from the successful experience of the Singapore Free Trade Port; the Heihe District of the Heilongjiang Free Trade Zone can carry out institutional innovations around border-to-city trade and promote the continuous deepening of Sino-Russian cooperation. (Reporter Liu Meng)
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