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Nearly 2 trillion yuan in tax reductions and fees in the first ten months of private enterprises are the main beneficiaries of tax reduction policies

来源: 证券日报 2019-12-27 09: 46: 44Source: Securities Daily

"From January to October this year, the country achieved a tax reduction of 1968.894 billion yuan. Of this, the tax reduction was 1,647.6326 billion yuan." On December 25, commissioned by the State Council, Minister of Finance Liu Kun reported to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on the 2019 reduction. In the work of tax reduction, private enterprises are the main beneficiaries of tax reduction policies. In the first 10 months of this year, the total tax reduction of various policies of private enterprises was 105.118 billion yuan, accounting for 63.8% of the total tax reduction.

"Private enterprises are the biggest beneficiaries of tax and fee reduction policies. More than 60% of the tax reductions have been given to private enterprises, which fully demonstrates the country's importance and support for the development of private enterprises." "Securities Daily" reporter said that private enterprises are the most active subjects in the market economy, and also a very important part of the national economy. Their flexible operations and strong market resilience can not be underestimated to enhance the vitality of economic development. At the same time, private enterprises are mainly small, medium and micro enterprises, and small, medium and micro enterprises are an important source of new economic momentum. They play an irreplaceable role in promoting economic growth, promoting employment, and stimulating innovation.

Liu Xiangdong, a researcher in the Economic Research Department of the China International Economic Exchange Center, told the Securities Daily reporter that under the situation of increasing economic downward pressure, the development of private enterprises has encountered certain difficulties. For this reason, the central government adopted timely counter-cyclical adjustment policies, especially tax and fee reduction policies and measures, in order to ease the operating pressure of private enterprises.

This year's "Government Work Report" clearly requires that the burden of corporate taxes and social security contributions be reduced by nearly 2 trillion yuan throughout the year. The inclusive tax reduction policy for small and micro enterprises and the special additional deduction for personal income tax will be implemented from January 1; the measures to deepen the value-added tax reform will be implemented from April 1; the social insurance rate reduction will be implemented from May 1; cleanup Measures to regulate administrative fees and government funds will be implemented from July 1.

In addition, the NDRC and other departments have also formulated measures to reduce corporate energy consumption, logistics, telecommunications and other expenses, further reduce general industrial and commercial electricity prices and telecommunication tariffs, promote reduction of highway, railway, port tolls, clean up and regulate bank and intermediary service charges, and effectively reduce enterprises. And social burden.

Thanks to the joint efforts of all relevant parties, the current tax and fee reduction measures have been effectively implemented, and the effects are gradually showing.

The reduction of taxes and fees has increased the willingness of private enterprises to start businesses. "As a private enterprise, we can personally feel the country's opening up to the third-party testing service market. The service scope that previously belonged to the national system has gradually turned into social services, which is the biggest recognition of private enterprises." Shanghai Shenye Testing Technology Co., Ltd. Finance Manager Yao Fang told the Securities Daily reporter that "the company is still at the initial stage of capacity building and market development. Although it is not yet profitable, the company has also enjoyed preferential tax policies for small and micro enterprises. Big but also the company's 'power fund' ".

This year's tax department continued to improve service quality and efficiency, and optimized service experience to ensure that various tax and fee reduction policies and measures were implemented. "In the process of promoting the implementation of the tax reduction and fee reduction policy, the tax department also introduced a series of measures to facilitate private taxation, focusing on the development expectations of private enterprises, and continuously refine and improve supporting measures to make enterprises feel deeply." Yao Fang said, In the current environment of tax and fee reduction, although enterprises still have difficulties and problems in the actual operation process, the country's vigorous support and continuous optimization of the environment make the company believe that the development prospect is optimistic and positive.

Liu Xiangdong believes that private enterprises play an important role in maintaining stable economic operations, expanding investment and promoting consumption, and absorbing employment. Tax and fee reductions are conducive to creating good market confidence and a business environment, and they are more willing to increase investment and expand Market and quality improvement.

"For private enterprises, the support of measures such as tax reduction and fee reduction will help reduce their operating costs, alleviate capital pressure, and improve profitability. It can also encourage enterprises to invest more funds in innovative research and development and expansion of reproduction. "In order to promote the overall industrial transformation and upgrading, and improve the competitiveness of the industry and the quality of economic growth." Fu Yifu said that at the same time, the credit risk of enterprises will be eased, and the tax reduction and concessions of government departments will help restore the confidence of private enterprises. Household consumption will also be boosted indirectly, which will help stabilize and expand domestic demand.

Regarding the consideration of tax reduction and fee reduction in the next step, Liu Kun said that the finance and taxation department will adhere to the problem-oriented approach and continue to implement various tax reduction and fee reduction policies on the basis of ensuring sustainable financial operation and promote the continued reduction of tax and fee reduction policies. Make an impact. Urge the local government to resolutely clean up and regulate the charges of enterprises involved, seriously investigate and deal with problems such as the failure to implement policies, increase the burden on enterprises, and harm the interests of the people, and ensure that various measures are put in place. (Reporter Bao Xing'an)

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