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Hundreds of hi-tech state-owned enterprises reform to create independent innovation leaders

来源: 证券日报 2019-12-30 09: 08: 49Source: Securities Daily

"Securities Daily" reporter learned from the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council on December 27 that the State-owned Enterprise Reform Leading Group Office of the State Council recently issued the "Special Action Plan for Deepening Market-oriented Reform of 100 Households of Science and Technology Enterprises to Enhance Independent Innovation Capabilities" (hereinafter referred to as the "Special Action Plan" 》), And make deployment from four aspects: guiding ideology, action content, organization and implementation, and job security.

According to the requirements of high-quality development, the "Special Action Plan" focuses on promoting the technological innovation of some state-owned enterprises and local state-owned enterprises to improve their corporate governance, market-oriented selection and employment, and strengthen incentives and constraints. Science and technology enterprise reform model and independent innovation leader.

"At present, the country has been promoted to a national strategy by science and technology, and China's science and technology field has made up for shortcomings, made a breakthrough, and got rid of import dependence. It has become a domestic consensus." Zhao Ling, a senior investment consultant at Jufeng Investment Consulting, told the Securities Daily reporter that On the basis of increasing emphasis on innovation and research and development by domestic private enterprises to achieve technological breakthroughs, state-owned enterprises must also play an independent innovation role. By creating state-owned enterprise technology-based benchmarking enterprises, it will help further promote the overall improvement of science and technology innovation capabilities of state-owned enterprises. A breakthrough in the field has formed a driving force.

Specifically, the "Special Action Plan" proposed five specific contents:

First, in terms of improving the corporate governance system and mechanism, it is proposed to speed up the promotion and establishment of the board of directors of science and technology enterprises. The board should improve the scientific decision-making level of the board of directors. The board of directors of science and technology enterprises should implement the major decisions, select and employ staff, and allocate salary. right.

Second, in terms of improving the market-oriented mechanism for selecting and employing personnel, it is proposed that technology-based enterprises comprehensively implement the tenure system and contract management of managers, and accelerate the establishment of a professional manager system.

Third, in terms of strengthening the market-based incentive and restraint mechanism, it is proposed that the total wages of technology-based enterprises can be managed separately and not included in the group company's total salary base and not linked to the group company's economic performance indicators; vigorously promote equity incentives, dividend incentives, employees Medium and long-term incentives such as shareholding, excess profit sharing, virtual equity, and key employee follow-up.

Fourth, in terms of stimulating the kinetic energy of scientific and technological innovation, we must give full play to the main role of scientific and technological enterprises in technological innovation decision-making, research and development investment and transformation of results; build a scientific and technological talent team with reasonable structure, high quality and strong innovation ability; support and drive Other large and medium-sized enterprises and various entities have realized harmonious innovation.

Fifth, insisting on the party's leadership and strengthening party building, put forward the implementation of the "three differences" requirement, in accordance with the principle of due diligence and exemption, and establish and improve a technology-based enterprise fault tolerance and correction mechanism.

Zhou Lisha, a researcher at the Research Center of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, said in an interview with the Securities Daily that the incentive targets for state-owned science and technology enterprises should focus on the company's core scientific researchers, important technical personnel and management backbones. In terms of payment methods, they can be divided into two types: cash and equity.

Zhou Lisha said that cash-based incentives mainly include excess profit incentives, virtual equity, post dividends, and project dividends. Among them, post dividends, project dividends, etc. belong to the total payroll line item, while excess profit incentives and virtual equity belong to the total payroll management. The equity-based incentives mainly include equity awards, equity options, equity subscriptions, and equity investment.

Zhou Lisha said that on the whole, as the mixed reform of state-owned enterprises has entered an accelerated landing period, and the introduction of the science and technology board, this will undoubtedly provide new development opportunities for state-owned enterprises, especially some high-growth, innovative state-owned technology companies .

Prior to this, Peng Huagang, Secretary-General of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, stated on several occasions in public that he hoped that more central enterprises would be active on the science and technology board. (Reporter Du Yumeng)

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